Anxiety and/or depression may be quite severe, especially during adolescence.
Individuals tend to be withdrawn by middle school, and may actually become agoraphobic.
Cannot readily adapt to new situations, or changes to routine.
Self-esteem problems are common. Increased incidence of suicide within the NLD population.
Nonverbal Learning Disabilities: The Syndrome and the Model, Byron P. Rourke, 1989, The Guilford Press, NY
No One to Play With: The Social Side of Learning Disabilities, Betty B. Osman, 1982, Random House, NY
Star Shaped Pegs, Square Holes, Kathy Allen, Unicycle Press, 1076 Lynn St., Livermore, CA 94550.
Syndrome of Nonverbal Learning Disabilities: Neurodevelopmental manifestations, B.P. Rourke (Ed.), 1995, The Guilford Press, NY
The Source for Nonverbal Learning Disorders (formerly called "I Shouldn't Have to Tell you! A Guide to Understanding Nonverbal Learning Disorders"), Sue Thompson, M.A., C.E.T., 1997, LinguiSystems Inc.
When You Worry About the Child You Love: Emotional and Learning Problems in Children, Edward Hallowell, 1996, Simon & Schuster, NY
Nonverbal learning disabilities and remedial interventions, J.M.Foss, 1991, Annals of Dyslexia, Vol. 41, pgs. 128-140.
Nonverbal Learning Disorders, S.Thompson, 1996, Fall/Winter edition of The Gram, LDA-CA
Treatment Programme for the Child with NLD, B.P. Rourke, 1993, Byron P. Rourke, Ph.D., Dept. of Psychology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada N9B 3P4
Assessing and Diagnosing the Individual with Nonverbal Learning Disorders (auditape), from the Nonverbal Learning Disorders Symposium, California, 1996.
Educational Interventions for the Child with Nonverbal Learning Disorders (audiotape), from the Nonverbal Learning Disorders Symposium, California, 1996.
Making Sense of Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities (transcript), Ray Petrauskas, Annual Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario, 1995
The Nonverbal Disabilities: Dense, Dyslogic, Self-Defeating, E. Westhead, J. Blalock (transcript), K.N. Gregg, International Conference of the Learning Disabilities Association of America, 1990.
The Hand, Handwriting, and the Child with Nonverbal Learning Disorders (audiotape), from the Nonverbal Learning Disorders Symposium California, 1996.